Bihar is located in the eastern part of India. The state is surrounded by Nepal in the north, West Bengal in the east, Uttar Pradesh in the west and Jharkhand in the south. The state enjoys a unique location specific advantage because of its proximity to the vast markets of eastern and northern India, access to ports such as Kolkata and Haldia and to raw material sources and mineral reserves from the neighbouring states.
The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Bihar grew at a CAGR of 12.01 per cent between 2011-12 and 2020-21. Bihar's per capita GSDP increased from US$ 490.62 in 2011-12 to US$ 680.23 in 2018-19 at CAGR of 10.25 per cent.
Bihar is one of the strongest agricultural states. The percentage of population employed in agricultural production in Bihar is around 80 per cent, which is much higher than the national average. It is the fourth largest producer of vegetables & the eight largest producers of fruits in India. Food processing, dairy, sugar, manufacturing and healthcare are some of the fast growing industries in the state. The state has planned initiatives for the development of other sectors such as education and tourism and also provides incentives for information technology and renewable energy.
The state enjoys a unique location specific advantage because of its proximity to the vast markets of eastern and northern India, access to ports such as Kolkata and Haldia and to raw material sources and mineral reserves from the neighbouring states. The state has a large base of cost effective industrial labour, making it an ideal destination for a wide range of industries.
Total FDI for Bihar & Jharkhand, between April 2000 and December 2019, stood at US$ 113 million. In 2019, eight investments were filed in the state and the amount of investments proposed was Rs 671 crore (US$ 96.01 million). Total merchandise exports from the state stood at US$ 1,345.31 million during 2017-18. During 2019-20 (up to Dec 19), the exports stood at US$ 1,260.15 million.Recent Developments
Under BSHP – 2, construction of ROB (part of SH 83 - Baghi-Barbigha Road) is expected to complete in January 2019. total cost of the project was Rs 32.74 crore (US$ 5.08 million) During 2019-20 (up to January 2020), Patna and Gaya handled 26,089 and 2,754 aircraft movements, respectively. Patna and Gaya handled 38,49,167 and 1,82,517 passengers respectively in same period. Patna airport handled 10,637 MT freight traffic during same period. As on April 2018, under the AMRUT scheme, total amount of Rs 2,469.77 crore (US$ 383.21 million) were allocated to the state of Bihar.Key Sectors:
Total horticulture production in the state for 2018-19^ was 21,204.97 thousand MT with 1,185.36 thousand hectares of area under production.
State produced 6,787.8 thousand MT of rice and 62 thousand MT of pulses in 2018-19*. Sugarcane is grown in approximately 6 percent of the total area under cultivation in Bihar. Sugarcane production in the state for 2018-19 (P) stood at 182.85 lakh MT. During sugar season 2019-20, 11 sugar mills were operating in the state of Bihar. During 2019-20, 220.50 lakh MT sugar is estimated to be produced in Bihar.
The foreign tourist arrival in Bihar in the year 2018 was around 1.09 million. Domestic tourist arrival in the state stood at 33.62 million during the same time. In 2019 (till September), foreign tourist arrival reached 0.70 million and domestic tourist arrival stood at 16.94 million.